Hardwood flooring enhances the décor of any room by providing timeless beauty that will increase in value throughout the years. Warm both visually and to the touch, wood flooring comes in many species, plank widths, stains, and finishes to fit your unique lifestyle and practical needs.
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This type refers to 100% wood, regardless of width or length that is milled from lumber. Due to the organic nature of this material, solid hardwood is susceptible to environmental changes. It will expand and contract in reaction to different temperature variations and humidity levels. Effects like warping and gapping can also occur. For these reasons, solid hardwood should not be installed below grade level or in areas of the home where there is excess moisture (like the bathroom or laundry room). All solid wood can be sanded and refinished over the years if needed.
This is a type of solid hardwood flooring that is created using random pieces of wood scraps. The resulting product is both uniquely visual and environmentally sound, because it uses less wood and therefore conserves precious natural resources. Jointed hardwood has the same properties and characteristics as solid hardwood.
These floors combine the classic appearance of solid hardwood with the added benefit of technology, to create more stability in any area of your home. Engineered hardwood floors consists of three to ten layers, called plies, that are glued together. This multi-ply structure adds stability and resistance to moisture and temperature changes. It can be installed on, above, or below grade due its multi-layered construction – making it a great choice for finished basements.
There are literally hundreds of wood species to choose from when deciding on the perfect hardwood flooring for your home; the choices include wood species such as Red Oak, White Oak, Birch, or Canadian Maple. Each species yields different colours, textures, and styles that will add a unique touch to your living space. Many factors – from the nature of the wood to the way it was cut – can affect a plank of wood’s appearance. Wood species are also categorized as either domestic or exotic. “Domestic wood” species refer to any wood that is grown and harvested in North America. “Exotic wood” species are harvested from wood that is found outside of North America. The majority of Beaulieu Canada’s wood species are domestic:
Oak wood generally means rich colour with a charming style. Red Oak sapwood ranges from white to pale brown, while the heartwood is reddish brown. Red Oak has an overall even grain, and variations in colour are limited over time. Ordinary wear is not as noticeable on this species of wood due to Red Oak’s open grain and natural reddish colour.
Perfect for creating a traditional wood floor, White Oak is slightly softer than red oak and less dimensionally stable. While there are many variations in color and grain texture, White Oak heartwood is light brown with a sometimes grey or pink cast. White Oak sapwood is white to cream.
For a unique décor that inspires style, Birch wood has a straight grain for even texture. Although its boards sometimes appear curly or wavy, Birch shows minimal color variation even when exposed to intense light. Birch sapwood is creamy yellow or pale white, and its heartwood is reddish-brown with red highlights.
Maple wood is the definition of an enduring classic. With a closed grain that gives it a soft, even texture, Maple wood can appear straight, curly, or striped. The sapwood is generally white with a slightly reddish-brown tint, and the heartwood is reddish brown and appears quite dark at times.
Keep in mind that one of the most important strength properties for wood used in flooring is its side hardness, which is determined with the Janka hardness test. Side hardness refers to a wood’s resistance to wear, dents, and marks. The Janka hardness rating for each species is based on an average of tests on the wood’s samples. Because the test is conducted on the material in its “raw” state, meaning without the finish, or in the case of engineered wood, without the core board, it is not something that the average user of hardwood flooring needs to consider. Rest assured that your YHS retailer will provide you with a hardwood flooring that will meet both your design requirements and your practical needs.
All hardwood flooring from Beaulieu Canada is pre-finished using a variety of methods and technologies. Our most common finish is semi-gloss polyurethane, but other finishes are becoming increasingly popular based on different design needs and practical requirements.
Both our polyurethane and UV-oil finishes are cured with ultra-violet (UV) lights instead of using heat. This allows for several coats of urethane to be applied within a matter of a few minutes. Both finishes contain aluminum oxide for enhanced protection against abrasive wear and scuffing.
Our UV-cured, water-based polyurethane finish is of a medium gloss level that enlivens the color of the wood stain. Woods finished with a water-based urethane are less susceptible to darkening over time. This finish is enhanced with aluminum oxide for durability.
Our UV-oiled finish is a low-gloss, synthetic oil that is UV-cured and enhanced with aluminum oxide to resist scuffing. A UV-oiled floor does not need re-oiling or special cleaning methods. The low-gloss luster provides the look of a natural oiled floor, but without the maintenance. It also makes touch-ups and repairs less noticeable.
A natural oil finish penetrates the wood fibers to harden them while not altering the natural beauty of the wood. They are easy to care for and are repairable. An oiled floor never needs to be sanded! It only needs regular applications of maintenance oil to nourish the wood and bring back the luster.
- Surface Texture
The hardwood planks are sanded down to reveal a smooth, silky touch with no additional texturing or distress marks.
Wood floors with this finish have been abraded with a steel brush. This technique opens up the wood grain and gives it an authentic, rustic look.
As the name implies, this method of adding texture and character is done by hand, making each hand-scraped wood floor unique. Whether subtly sculpted or boldly distressed with deep tears and gouging, a hand-scraped wood replicates the timeless look of hand-crafted flooring. As comfortable with time-honoured décor as it is with contemporary spaces, it provides a look that is never ordinary.
Your HomeStyle offers coordinating moulding accessories to perfectly complement your hardwood floors:
A reducer moulding provides a smooth transition between hardwood flooring and other floor coverings with differing heights.
The T-moulding is used in doorways or entryways.
A square nose moulding finishes the flooring edge on downward steps or landings
The stair nose moulding is used to finish the flooring edge at a staircase.
A quarter round moulding is used to cover the remaining space between a floor perimeter and wall at a right angle. It is rarely used because a baseboard can achieve the same effect.
- Installation Methods
Nail or Staple
Most solid hardwood floors must be installed using either the nail or staple method. Both options can be used for engineered floors that have a tongue and groove edge. Whether you choose nails or staples depends on the product, the substrate (the surface you are covering) or both.
This method is required when installing engineered hardwood on substrates that cannot be stapled or nailed.
This method applies to engineered wood flooring that features a ‘click’ locking system. The floating installation system can be quickly and easily assembled and taken apart throughout the life of your product.
- Maintaining Your Hardwood Floor
Following installation, clean your hardwood surface with a no-rinse product for pre-finished hardwood. Standard maintenance should consist of sweeping, vacuuming or dust mopping on a regular basis so as to not damage the surface of your floor with built-up grit. Frequency of cleaning will depend on the amount of traffic your floor receives. Remove spills or liquids immediately so they do not harm your floors. Download the Hardwood Care and Warranty Guidelines for full details.